Betta Fish Mating Strategies – Follow These Steps to Successfully Breed Betta Fish
Betta fish mating only takes place when conditions are right. It needs to be done carefully in order to be successful. Make sure to have the right materials before you begin the betta fish mating process.
Betta Fish Mating materials you will need:
- Healthy male Betta fish – around 6-12 months old.
- Healthy female Betta fish – around 6-12 months old.
- 10 Gallon tank (you can use a smaller one, but 10 Gallon is ideal) with oxygenator (and possibly a heater)
- High quality Betta fish food
- A separate tank for the female Betta fish (for before the Betta fish mating process begins)
Begin by feeding the female and male fishes the highest quality fish food you can find. It’s important not to overfeed them – one or two times per day is plenty. You can feed them tubifex worms (live wrigglers), which are great for them but can be dangerous to them if you overfeed them (they can foul up the water which will be unhealthy for your fish).
To introduce the Bettas, before the Betta fish mating process begins, set up the male and female in adjoining containers where they can see each other, but cannot intermingle. You should do this for 4-10 days.
Next, set up the 10 Gallon breeding tank. It should be a bare bottomed tank, with no rocks or pebbles at the bottom. The ideal water temperature for betta fish is around 75-80 F, so depending on the temperature in your house, you may need to buy a small heater. You’ll also need a water oxygenator. This is better than a filter, because it will keep the water clean without damaging the fry (the newborn Bettas). Make sure to keep it shallow – around 5-6 inches of water is enough. You can place a large leaf or piece of foam in it to help the male Betta in building his bubble nest, which he will do soon after the Betta fish mating is complete.
When you introduce the two fish, the male betta fish will twist his body, flare his gills, and spread his fins if he’s interested. After you introduce the male and female, the male should start building the bubble nest over the first 48 hours. You’ll be able to see the pregnant, female betta fish by the slight protrusion on her belly. If nothing happens after 3 days, separate the fish, feed them rich food again, and then try again.
The actual Betta fish mating will look like the male wrapping his entire body around the female (called the embrace). Each embrace will result in 10-40 more eggs until the female has no more. During and after the Betta fish mating process, the male will use his mouth to catch any sinking eggs and put them back in the bubble nest. Once the female is out of eggs, the male will claim his territory and chase her away (so she doesn’t eat the eggs out of hunger).
Over the next two days, the male will continue to catch any falling eggs and put them back in. After two days, you’ll notice the first of the baby Bettas! As a final precaution, two days after they hatch, remove the male Betta fish so he doesn’t eat his young.
Congratulations! You’ve successfully witnessed the Betta fish mating ritual and now have tons of baby Bettas!
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