Water for Betta Fish – The Perfect Setup
The condition of the water for Betta fish are one of the most important factors to extending betta life span. While these differences may not be noticeable to you or I, they are critical for your Betta.
When making changes to any of the items discussed below, it is vital to make these changes slowly over a long period of time. Whether it’s the temperature of water for betta fish, the pH balance, or the type of water, do not make any sudden changes – this can shock and kill your Betta. Instead, slowly adjust the water over a period of a week or so, giving your fish a chance to get used to the new water conditions.
Water for Betta Fish: pH Balance
In chemistry, pH is the measure of the acidity or basicity of water. Pure water is neutral and has a pH balance of 7.0. Acidic water has a pH of from 1.0 to 6.9, with stronger acidity having a lower number. The opposite is true with the basicity of water. Slightly acidic water is typically called soft water, and hard water is more basic water.
Betta fish require a very delicate balance of the pH balance of their water. Their ideal pH balance is close to neutral, so a pH of anywhere from 6.5 – 7.5 is ideal.
You can test the pH of the water for betta fish by getting a small pH testing kit – they are inexpensive and required for the best care of your betta fish. The testing kit will also come with some vials that can make the water for betta fish slightly more or less acidic as deemed necessary.
Water for Betta Fish: Type of Water
The water for betta fish can come from three different sources – distilled, bottled, or tap water. They all have different characteristics which are important for you to understand.
Distilled Water for Betta Fish – Distilled water is absolutely pure – it doesn’t have any chemicals or minerals in it. While this may sound appealing, it is actually problematic for your betta since they require some essential minerals.
Bottled Water for Betta Fish – Bottled water generally has minerals in it and has not been treated with chlorine, so is a good (yet expensive) choice for water for betta fish. However, you should test the pH every time you use bottled water, since it can vary considerably depending on what brand you use.
Tap Water for Betta Fish – Tap water is cheap, convenient, and fairly easy to use. You can also mix warm and cold water so you can select the perfect water temperature. While tap water is a good solution, it does need to be treated before submerging your betta. Chlorine is the most harmful of chemicals that is probably present in your tap water, although there are many other chemicals. To treat tap water, purchase some Kordon’s Amquel+, NovAqua, Aquarisol, or any other product your pet store recommends (the above are the ones I use). After treating the water, make sure to test and adjust the pH balance.
Water for Betta Fish: Water Temperature
Bettas are tropical fish and require warm water that doesn’t fluctuate much in temperature. Fish are very sensitive to rapidly fluctuating temperatures, so when changing or adding water, make sure to do it gradually and that the temperature remains similar to their existing water. The ideal temperature of water for betta fish is 72 – 80 Fahrenheit. Read Water Temperature for Betta Fish for detailed instruction regarding water temperature, including information on heaters, thermometers, and other detailed info.
Water for Betta Fish: Other Items
Besides monitoring the pH balance, water temperature, chemicals and minerals of the water for Betta fish, it’s important to treat the water to prevent diseases. Take a look at betta fish illnesses and betta diseases for detailed ways to prevent illness, recognize symptoms, and treat any diseases your betta may encounter.
Generally, though if you add Aquarisol and some salt to your water, most diseases, parasites and other bad stuff will be prevented. Ich, Fungus, Velvet, and many others are all easily preventable by doing this.
Do You Want to Ensure Your Betta Lives a Happy, Healthy Life?
If you answered YES to the above question, then I highly recommend you get Caring for Betta Fish: a Guide for Betta Lovers by Marcus Song.
This regularly updated, essential guide includes the right plants to keep water clean and free from ammonia, ways to acclimate your Betta to other fish, and much more. Your Betta Fish will thank you for the rest of his life! Click Here to get it now!